Companies Grapple with Questions About COVID-19 Mandates
Companies preparing to implement the Biden administration’s Covid-19 vaccine mandate face logistical challenges and unanswered questions about how to comply, employment and compensation .
Businesses are awaiting more details in a formal rule that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration plans to issue in coming weeks.
One of the biggest unknowns is who will be responsible for covering the cost of testing for employees who choose to remain unvaccinated, lawyers said. Under the mandate, all employers with 100 or more workers would have to require that their workers be vaccinated or undergo at least weekly Covid-19 testing. Employers that don’t comply can face fines of up to about $14,000, according to the administration.
Companies also are wondering exactly how OSHA will determine the threshold for which businesses are covered by the requirement, and about exemptions for employees who continue to work from home or who have religious or medical accommodations that are protected under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
The Biden administration will also require federal employees in the executive branch and government contractors to be vaccinated against Covid-19. The new mandates will cover about 100 million workers, or two-thirds of all workers in the U.S., administration officials said.
Although some companies already had vaccine requirements or were considering them before President Biden’s announcement, the move puts pressure on many others to begin determining how to comply with a rule that hasn’t been fully articulated.
The first question many companies will face is whether they want to allow employees to opt out of getting a vaccine and instead undergo weekly testing, employment and compensation lawyers said. The logistics and costs of providing such tests to what could be a sizable percentage of a company’s workforce could pose serious challenges for some businesses. And the federal government already has made it clear that companies can require vaccines for employees physically entering a workplace, with certain exceptions.
Companies will have to decide whether to offer their own testing services through a private healthcare provider or direct employees elsewhere. Setting up testing could be an administrative challenge for large companies in rural areas, in particular.
Businesses with hourly employees who are covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act likely will have to pay those employees for the time they spend getting tested.
As for the costs involved, larger companies might have more financial flexibility to pay for testing programs, while smaller ones are often beholden to what their health insurers are willing to cover. Insurers don’t have to cover workplace COVID-19 testing that an employer does to broadly screen for infection, according to federal guidance, only tests that a doctor orders to diagnose or treat a patient, or tests given to someone who has been in contact with an infected person.
That could leave it up to OSHA to clarify whether employers or employees are on the hook for testing costs. Some lawyers said leaving workers to pay for their own tests could work as an effective incentive, alongside benefits surcharges and other measures that effectively penalize employees who don’t want to receive a vaccine. Others said they find it unlikely the government would allow companies to place the costs on workers.
The coming OSHA rule has shifted the debate from whether companies should require vaccines, to how to implement the government’s mandate. For some companies that were reluctant to impose such a requirement on their workers, the president’s administrative action might be a relief, since it provides them with cover. The biggest fear for companies considering mandates has been the potential for employee backlash and workers quitting.
SOURCE: The Wall Street Journal